Oyu Tolgoi-02/Southern Gobi | Accountability Console
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Oyu Tolgoi-02/Southern Gobi

Issues

Community health and safety

Description: Complaint raises concerns related to public health and safety including incidents of or an increase in accidents, release of hazardous materials, and spread of diseases. Concerns related to retaliation and/or violence are not included.

Complaints with this Issue: 260

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Cultural heritage

Description: Complaint raises concerns about impacts on any type of tagible or intangible cultural heritage, including significant sites, unique environmental features, cultural knowledge, and traditional lifestyles.

Complaints with this Issue: 82

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Human rights

Description: Complaint frames concerns using the language of human rights violations.

Complaints with this Issue: 57

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Indigenous peoples

Description: Complaint raises concerns about impacts on indigenous or traditional communities.

Complaints with this Issue: 74

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Livelihoods

Description: Complaint raises concerns about impacts on the means by which people make a living, including wage-based income, trade and bartering, agriculture, fishing, foraging, and other natural-resource based means.

Complaints with this Issue: 243

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Pollution

Description: Complaint raises concerns about releases of pollutants related to the project, including hazardous or non-hazardous chemicals, minerals, metals, pathogens, odors, noise, vibration, radiation, light, and heat.

Complaints with this Issue: 176

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Water

Description: Complaint raises concerns about access to or availability of water. Concerns related to water pollution are not included.

Complaints with this Issue: 165

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Sectors

Extractives (oil, gas, mining)

Description: Project relates to the extractive industries, including oil, gas, and mining. Examples may include mines, drilling operations, pipelines, and the associated legal frameworks.

Complaints in this Sector: 152

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Project

Name: Oyu Tolgoi-02/Southern Gobi

Investments: IFC 29007

Client:

Support: Loans, Risk Guarantee

Country: Mongolia

Complaint

IAM: Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman (CAO)

ID: 196

Date Filed: Feb. 11, 2013

Status: Monitoring

Description

Accountability Counsel works with Oyu Tolgoi Watch (“OT Watch”) and several international partners to support some of the world’s last remaining nomadic herder communities, living in the South Gobi region of Mongolia. We have assisted communities to raise complaints about large-scale mining ventures affecting their water resources and endangering their livelihoods, specifically the Oyu Tolgoi copper and gold mine (“OT Project”) and the Ukhaa Khudag coal mine.

The OT Project has faced fierce community resistance in Mongolia for years. One of the biggest concerns is the amount of water, a scarce and valuable resource in the South Gobi desert, that the Project will require. Traditional nomadic herders, who have lived in the region for centuries, have already experienced problems with wells going dry. Additionally, the infrastructure and construction related to the Project is degrading and fragmenting herders’ traditional pastures, forcing some of them to abandon their herding lifestyles. Several herders have already experienced devastating herd loss and other impacts after being forced to resettle because of the OT Project. Furthermore, herders complaint that the company forced them to sign unfair contracts in violation of their rights. They have found the company largely unresponsive to their concerns.

The $13.2 billion OT Project, operated by Rio Tinto, is the largest foreign investment in Mongolia. Despite the OT Project’s numerous problems, the project is supported by the World Bank Group’s International Finance Corporation (“IFC”) and Multilateral Insurance Guarantee Agency (“MIGA”), as well as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (“EBRD”). The Netherlands Development Finance Company (“FMO”), U.S. Export-Import Bank, Export Development Canada and the Australian Export Finance and Insurance Corporation have also committed financing for the project.

Accountability Counsel has supported two complaints to the Compliance Advisor Ombudsman, the accountability office for the IFC and MIGA, raising concerns about the OT Project’s impacts on local water resources and about the adequacy of resettlement and compensation packages. The CAO has convened a dialogue process to assist the herders to reach an agreement with the project company on these issues. The dialogue process is ongoing and has resulted in the establishment of a Tripartite Council, with herder representatives meeting with local government and company representatives on a monthly bases to work towards resolution of the CAO complaints and future community grievances related to the project.

The Ukhaa Khudag coal mine is located on a section of the world’s largest untapped coking coal and thermal coal deposits, the Tavan Tolgoi. The mine is operated by a Mongolian company, Energy Resources LLC, and is commonly referred to as the “Energy Resources Mine.” Most of its coal product is shipped over land to the Chinese boarder, which has led to the gradual development of a sprawling web of mining roads, ranging from paved roads to informal dirt roads intersecting each other and multiplying by the day. These roads and other project infrastructure have led to severe fragmentation of herders’ pastures, excessive dust and unsafe road conditions which in turn have resulted in fatal traffic accidents and other concerns over herder and animal health. The Energy Resources Mine has received financing from the EBRD.

In 2013, local herders filed a series of complaints to the EBRD’s Project Complaint Mechanism (“PCM”) raising concerns about pasture fragmentation, dust, and other impacts from the growing network of roads and infrastructure associated with both the OT Project and Energy Resources Mine. Accountability Counsel has supported herders throughout the complaint process and a compliance audit is currently underway to investigate allegations of EBRD policy violations.

Complaint Stages

Filing

Feb. 11, 2013

Filing

Status:

Start Date: Feb. 11, 2013

Registration

Not Undertaken

Registration

Status: Not Undertaken

Start Date: None

Eligibility

Feb. 11, 2013 -

Feb. 28, 2013

Eligibility

Status: Completed

Start Date: Feb. 11, 2013

End Date: Feb. 28, 2013

Dispute Resolution

July 1, 2013 -

May 1, 2017

Dispute Resolution

Status: Completed

Start Date: July 1, 2013

End Date: May 1, 2017

Compliance Review

Not Undertaken

Compliance Review

Status: Not Undertaken

Start Date: None

Has Compliance Report: No

Non-Compliance Found: No

Monitoring

May 1, 2017

Monitoring

Status: In Progress

Start Date: May 1, 2017

Closed

Not Closed

Timeline

Documents

Name Date Category Description
English Feb. 3, 2013 Filing English
CAO Assessment Report - English June 1, 2013 Eligibility CAO Assessment Report - English
English Dec. 6, 2013 Agreement English
CAO Communique - Mongolia OT Closure - March 2019 - English March 21, 2019 Closing Report CAO Communique - Mongolia OT Closure - March 2019 - English
2014-15 EHT-OT Joint Work Report - English Agreement 2014-2015_JointWorkReport_ENG_000.pdf
2014-15 EHT-OT Joint Work Report - Mongolian Agreement 2014-2015JointWorkReport_MON_000.pdf
2015 Khanbogd Tripartite Council Report - English Agreement 2015TPCReport_ENG_000.pdf
2015 Khanbogd Tripartite Council Report - Mongolian Agreement 2015TPCReport_MON_000.pdf
CAO Assessment Report - Mongolian Eligibility OT-2_Assessment_Report_MON.pdf
CAO Communique - Mongolia OT Closure - March 2019 - Mongolian Closing Report CAOCommunique_MongoliaOTClosure_March2019_MON_000.pdf
Colombia trip public information - English Agreement June2017_Colombiatrippublicinformation_ENG_000.pdf
Colombia trip public information - Mongolian Agreement June2017_Colombiatrippublicinformation_MON_000.pdf
Complaint Resolution Agreement - May 2017 - English Agreement OT2_ComplaintResolutionAgreement2_ENG.pdf
Complaint Resolution Agreement - May 2017 - Mongolian Agreement OT2_ComplaintResolutionAgreement2_MON.pdf
English Agreement English
IAM Assessment Report Filing
IEP Executive Summary - Eng Jan_30_2015 Agreement ExecutiveSummary_edit_Jan_30_2015-ENG.pdf
IEP Executive Summary - Mon Jan_30_2015 Agreement MON_ExecutiveSummary_edit_Jan30_2015.pdf
IEP Recommendations to Stakeholders_Eng Agreement RecommendationstoStakeholders_edit_Jan_11_2015-Eng.pdf
IEP Recommendations to Stakeholders_Mon Agreement MON_RecommendationstoStakeholders_edit_Jan11_2015.pdf
IFC MIGA Response Eligibility IFCMIGACAOResponseonOT7.30.13.pdf
IFC Response Management Response
Joint Statement - August 2014 - English Agreement JointStatement_Aug-2014_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - August 2014 - Mongolian Agreement JointStatement_Aug-2014_MON_000.pdf
Joint Statement - December 2015 English Agreement 2015-12-25TPCJOINTSTATEMENTeng_000.pdf
Joint Statement - December 2015 Mongolian Agreement 2015-12-25TPCJOINTSTATEMENTmon_000.pdf
Joint Statement - February 2015 - English Agreement JointStatement_5Feb2015_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - February 2017 - English Agreement JointStatement_Feb15-162017_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - February 2017 - Mongolian Agreement JointStatement_Feb15-162017_MON_000.pdf
Joint Statement - July 2015 English Agreement 1July2015-TPCStatement_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - July 2015 Mongolian Agreement JointStatement_MON_July2015_000.pdf
Joint Statement - June 2015 - English Agreement JointStatement_ENG_June2015_000.pdf
Joint Statement - June 2015 - Mongolian Agreement JointStatement_MON_June2015_000.pdf
Joint Statement - March 2015 - Mongolian Agreement March2015JointStatementMON_000.pdf
Joint Statement - March 2015- English Agreement March2015JointStatementENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - March 2017 - English Agreement JointStatementMarch2017_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - March 2017 Mongolian Agreement JointStatementMarch2017_MON_000.pdf
Joint Statement - May 2017 - English Agreement JointStatement_May8-92017_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - May 2017 - Mongolian Agreement Jointstatement_May8-92017_MON_000.pdf
Joint Statement - September 2014 - English Agreement JointNewsrelease_Sep30_2014_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - September 2014 - Mongolian Agreement JointNewsrelease_Sep30_2014_MON_000.pdf
Joint Statement - September 2015 - English Agreement JointStatement_Sep24_2015_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - September 2015 - Mongolian Agreement JointStatement_Sep24_2015_MON_000.pdf
MDT/IEP Final Report - January 2017 - English Agreement MDTIEP_FINALREPORT_ENG_January292017_001.pdf
MDT/IEP Final Report - January 2017 - Mongolian Agreement MDTIEP_FINALREPORT_MON_January292017_001.pdf
Mongolian Agreement FINALMON_ToRfor_UndaiRiverDiversionComplaint_CAO_IEP.pdf
Mongolian Agreement FINAL_IEPWorkPlanandMethodology_MON.pdf
TPC Greetings on Local Newsletter - English Agreement June2017_TPCGreetingsonLocalNewsletter_ENG_000.pdf
TPC Greetings on Local Newsletter - Mongolian Agreement June2017_TPCGreetingsonLocalNewsletter_MON_000.pdf
TPC Joint Statement_July 19, 2017 - English Agreement July192017_TPCJointStatement_ENG_000.pdf
TPC Joint Statement_July 19, 2017 - Mongolian Agreement July192017_TPCJointStatement_MON_000.pdf
TPC Joint Statement_November 27, 2017 - English Agreement JointStatement_Nov27_2017_ENG_000.pdf
TPC Joint Statement_November 27, 2017 - Mongolian Agreement JointStatement_Nov27_2017_MON_000.pdf