Oyu Tolgoi-02/Southern Gobi | Accountability Console
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Oyu Tolgoi-02/Southern Gobi

Issues

Community health and safety

Description: Complaint raises concerns related to public health and safety including incidents of or an increase in accidents, release of hazardous materials, and spread of diseases. Concerns related to retaliation and/or violence are not included.

Complaints with this Issue: 260

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Cultural heritage

Description: Complaint raises concerns about impacts on any type of tagible or intangible cultural heritage, including significant sites, unique environmental features, cultural knowledge, and traditional lifestyles.

Complaints with this Issue: 82

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Human rights

Description: Complaint frames concerns using the language of human rights violations.

Complaints with this Issue: 57

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Indigenous peoples

Description: Complaint raises concerns about impacts on indigenous or traditional communities.

Complaints with this Issue: 74

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Livelihoods

Description: Complaint raises concerns about impacts on the means by which people make a living, including wage-based income, trade and bartering, agriculture, fishing, foraging, and other natural-resource based means.

Complaints with this Issue: 243

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Pollution

Description: Complaint raises concerns about releases of pollutants related to the project, including hazardous or non-hazardous chemicals, minerals, metals, pathogens, odors, noise, vibration, radiation, light, and heat.

Complaints with this Issue: 176

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Water

Description: Complaint raises concerns about access to or availability of water. Concerns related to water pollution are not included.

Complaints with this Issue: 165

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Sectors

Extractives (oil, gas, mining)

Description: Project relates to the extractive industries, including oil, gas, and mining. Examples may include mines, drilling operations, pipelines, and the associated legal frameworks.

Complaints in this Sector: 152

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Project

Name: Oyu Tolgoi-02/Southern Gobi

Investments: IFC 29007

Client:

Support: Loans, Risk Guarantee

Country: Mongolia

Complaint

IAM: Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman (CAO)

ID: 196

Date Filed: Feb. 11, 2013

Status: Monitoring

Description

Accountability Counsel works with Oyu Tolgoi Watch (“OT Watch”) and several international partners to support some of the world’s last remaining nomadic herder communities, living in the South Gobi region of Mongolia. We have assisted communities to raise complaints about large-scale mining ventures affecting their water resources and endangering their livelihoods, specifically the Oyu Tolgoi copper and gold mine (“OT Project”) and the Ukhaa Khudag coal mine.

The OT Project has faced fierce community resistance in Mongolia for years. One of the biggest concerns is the amount of water, a scarce and valuable resource in the South Gobi desert, that the Project will require. Traditional nomadic herders, who have lived in the region for centuries, have already experienced problems with wells going dry. Additionally, the infrastructure and construction related to the Project is degrading and fragmenting herders’ traditional pastures, forcing some of them to abandon their herding lifestyles. Several herders have already experienced devastating herd loss and other impacts after being forced to resettle because of the OT Project. Furthermore, herders complaint that the company forced them to sign unfair contracts in violation of their rights. They have found the company largely unresponsive to their concerns.

The $13.2 billion OT Project, operated by Rio Tinto, is the largest foreign investment in Mongolia. Despite the OT Project’s numerous problems, the project is supported by the World Bank Group’s International Finance Corporation (“IFC”) and Multilateral Insurance Guarantee Agency (“MIGA”), as well as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (“EBRD”). The Netherlands Development Finance Company (“FMO”), U.S. Export-Import Bank, Export Development Canada and the Australian Export Finance and Insurance Corporation have also committed financing for the project.

Accountability Counsel has supported two complaints to the Compliance Advisor Ombudsman, the accountability office for the IFC and MIGA, raising concerns about the OT Project’s impacts on local water resources and about the adequacy of resettlement and compensation packages. The CAO has convened a dialogue process to assist the herders to reach an agreement with the project company on these issues. The dialogue process is ongoing and has resulted in the establishment of a Tripartite Council, with herder representatives meeting with local government and company representatives on a monthly bases to work towards resolution of the CAO complaints and future community grievances related to the project.

The Ukhaa Khudag coal mine is located on a section of the world’s largest untapped coking coal and thermal coal deposits, the Tavan Tolgoi. The mine is operated by a Mongolian company, Energy Resources LLC, and is commonly referred to as the “Energy Resources Mine.” Most of its coal product is shipped over land to the Chinese boarder, which has led to the gradual development of a sprawling web of mining roads, ranging from paved roads to informal dirt roads intersecting each other and multiplying by the day. These roads and other project infrastructure have led to severe fragmentation of herders’ pastures, excessive dust and unsafe road conditions which in turn have resulted in fatal traffic accidents and other concerns over herder and animal health. The Energy Resources Mine has received financing from the EBRD.

In 2013, local herders filed a series of complaints to the EBRD’s Project Complaint Mechanism (“PCM”) raising concerns about pasture fragmentation, dust, and other impacts from the growing network of roads and infrastructure associated with both the OT Project and Energy Resources Mine. Accountability Counsel has supported herders throughout the complaint process and a compliance audit is currently underway to investigate allegations of EBRD policy violations.

Complaint Stages

Filing

Feb. 11, 2013

Filing

Status:

Start Date: Feb. 11, 2013

Registration

Not Undertaken

Registration

Status: Not Undertaken

Start Date: None

Eligibility

Feb. 11, 2013 -

Feb. 28, 2013

Eligibility

Status: Completed

Start Date: Feb. 11, 2013

End Date: Feb. 28, 2013

Dispute Resolution

July 1, 2013 -

May 1, 2017

Dispute Resolution

Status: Completed

Start Date: July 1, 2013

End Date: May 1, 2017

Compliance Review

Not Undertaken

Compliance Review

Status: Not Undertaken

Start Date: None

Has Compliance Report: No

Non-Compliance Found: No

Monitoring

May 1, 2017

Monitoring

Status: In Progress

Start Date: May 1, 2017

Closed

Not Closed

Timeline

Documents

Name Date Category Description
English Feb. 3, 2013 Complaint English
CAO Assessment Report - English June 1, 2013 Assessment Report(s) CAO Assessment Report - English
English Dec. 6, 2013 Agreement(s) English
CAO Communique - Mongolia OT Closure - March 2019 - English March 21, 2019 Close-out Report(s) CAO Communique - Mongolia OT Closure - March 2019 - English
2014-15 EHT-OT Joint Work Report - English Agreement(s) 2014-2015_JointWorkReport_ENG_000.pdf
2014-15 EHT-OT Joint Work Report - Mongolian Agreement(s) 2014-2015JointWorkReport_MON_000.pdf
2015 Khanbogd Tripartite Council Report - English Agreement(s) 2015TPCReport_ENG_000.pdf
2015 Khanbogd Tripartite Council Report - Mongolian Agreement(s) 2015TPCReport_MON_000.pdf
CAO Assessment Report - Mongolian Assessment Report(s) OT-2_Assessment_Report_MON.pdf
CAO Communique - Mongolia OT Closure - March 2019 - Mongolian Close-out Report(s) CAOCommunique_MongoliaOTClosure_March2019_MON_000.pdf
Colombia trip public information - English Agreement(s) June2017_Colombiatrippublicinformation_ENG_000.pdf
Colombia trip public information - Mongolian Agreement(s) June2017_Colombiatrippublicinformation_MON_000.pdf
Complaint Resolution Agreement - May 2017 - English Agreement(s) OT2_ComplaintResolutionAgreement2_ENG.pdf
Complaint Resolution Agreement - May 2017 - Mongolian Agreement(s) OT2_ComplaintResolutionAgreement2_MON.pdf
English Agreement(s) English
IAM Assessment Report Case Filing
IEP Executive Summary - Eng Jan_30_2015 Agreement(s) ExecutiveSummary_edit_Jan_30_2015-ENG.pdf
IEP Executive Summary - Mon Jan_30_2015 Agreement(s) MON_ExecutiveSummary_edit_Jan30_2015.pdf
IEP Recommendations to Stakeholders_Eng Agreement(s) RecommendationstoStakeholders_edit_Jan_11_2015-Eng.pdf
IEP Recommendations to Stakeholders_Mon Agreement(s) MON_RecommendationstoStakeholders_edit_Jan11_2015.pdf
IFC MIGA Response Assessment Report(s) IFCMIGACAOResponseonOT7.30.13.pdf
IFC Response Case Filing
Joint Statement - August 2014 - English Agreement(s) JointStatement_Aug-2014_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - August 2014 - Mongolian Agreement(s) JointStatement_Aug-2014_MON_000.pdf
Joint Statement - December 2015 English Agreement(s) 2015-12-25TPCJOINTSTATEMENTeng_000.pdf
Joint Statement - December 2015 Mongolian Agreement(s) 2015-12-25TPCJOINTSTATEMENTmon_000.pdf
Joint Statement - February 2015 - English Agreement(s) JointStatement_5Feb2015_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - February 2017 - English Agreement(s) JointStatement_Feb15-162017_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - February 2017 - Mongolian Agreement(s) JointStatement_Feb15-162017_MON_000.pdf
Joint Statement - July 2015 English Agreement(s) 1July2015-TPCStatement_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - July 2015 Mongolian Agreement(s) JointStatement_MON_July2015_000.pdf
Joint Statement - June 2015 - English Agreement(s) JointStatement_ENG_June2015_000.pdf
Joint Statement - June 2015 - Mongolian Agreement(s) JointStatement_MON_June2015_000.pdf
Joint Statement - March 2015 - Mongolian Agreement(s) March2015JointStatementMON_000.pdf
Joint Statement - March 2015- English Agreement(s) March2015JointStatementENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - March 2017 - English Agreement(s) JointStatementMarch2017_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - March 2017 Mongolian Agreement(s) JointStatementMarch2017_MON_000.pdf
Joint Statement - May 2017 - English Agreement(s) JointStatement_May8-92017_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - May 2017 - Mongolian Agreement(s) Jointstatement_May8-92017_MON_000.pdf
Joint Statement - September 2014 - English Agreement(s) JointNewsrelease_Sep30_2014_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - September 2014 - Mongolian Agreement(s) JointNewsrelease_Sep30_2014_MON_000.pdf
Joint Statement - September 2015 - English Agreement(s) JointStatement_Sep24_2015_ENG_000.pdf
Joint Statement - September 2015 - Mongolian Agreement(s) JointStatement_Sep24_2015_MON_000.pdf
MDT/IEP Final Report - January 2017 - English Agreement(s) MDTIEP_FINALREPORT_ENG_January292017_001.pdf
MDT/IEP Final Report - January 2017 - Mongolian Agreement(s) MDTIEP_FINALREPORT_MON_January292017_001.pdf
Mongolian Agreement(s) FINAL_IEPWorkPlanandMethodology_MON.pdf
Mongolian Agreement(s) FINALMON_ToRfor_UndaiRiverDiversionComplaint_CAO_IEP.pdf
TPC Greetings on Local Newsletter - English Agreement(s) June2017_TPCGreetingsonLocalNewsletter_ENG_000.pdf
TPC Greetings on Local Newsletter - Mongolian Agreement(s) June2017_TPCGreetingsonLocalNewsletter_MON_000.pdf
TPC Joint Statement_July 19, 2017 - English Agreement(s) July192017_TPCJointStatement_ENG_000.pdf
TPC Joint Statement_July 19, 2017 - Mongolian Agreement(s) July192017_TPCJointStatement_MON_000.pdf
TPC Joint Statement_November 27, 2017 - English Agreement(s) JointStatement_Nov27_2017_ENG_000.pdf
TPC Joint Statement_November 27, 2017 - Mongolian Agreement(s) JointStatement_Nov27_2017_MON_000.pdf